Naylor Antiques

Early American Furnishings

Maryland or Pennsylvania Chippendale Walnut Armchair, c.1780


the provincial nature of both its design and execution indicates a rural Southeastern Pennsylvania or Maryland origin; like many Maryland chairs, it is the result of both Philadelphia and English influences; the George III inspired triple-pierced vertical splat with the chevron batten is seen on many Maryland and Virginia chairs of the period; while the carved serpentine arms and hand volutes are seen on many Philadedlphia examples, the provincial nature of the un-carved outside scroll facings as well as the reliance on a more simple English design for the arm stile consoles, rather than the typical Philadelphia pointed “crescent spoon return”, indicate a less sophisticated, more rural maker; high trifid feet having an extended central toe are a characteristic associated with several early Maryland Queen Anne chairs; the side rails are through-tenoned like many Philadelphia-influenced but Maryland-made chairs; finally, the chair’s design indicates that the maker, while perhaps up to date on the latest designs, was not neccessarily ready to adhere to the purest form of the most recent style; the Queen Anne legs, feet, and apron, the Chippendale arms and crest rail, and even the early Federal (Hepplewhite) influence seen in the vertical, un-interrupted, non-vasiform splat are indicative of, in all likelihood, a later date of manufacture; the chair is in excellent structural condition, retaining all of its two-part quarter-round pine glue blocks as well as all four original knee blocks and slip seat; both original commode board side rail supports remain; there is a quarter of an inch extension patch to the crest rail support for the splat; ex. Israel Sack Collection, published in The Magazine Antiques (April 1971, p.454) and American Antiques From Israel Sack Collection, Vol. III, p.608; dimensions: 39 1/2″ tall @ crest rail x 24″ wide @ front rail; for a related side chair, but with ball and claw feet, see The Baltimore Museum of Art’s Maryland Queen Anne and Chippendale Furniture of the Eighteenth Century, item 7, page 23


Sack ad for our Chippendale armchair April '71 copy

The Magazine Antiques, April 1971


This pair of mahogany side chairs descended in the family of Judge Thomas Briggs Jones (1735-1812) who settled on Patapsco Neck near Baltimore and built his home “Wanut Grove”.  His grandfather was Philip Jones, first surveyor of Baltimore Towne in 1730.  The side rails are not through-tenoned.


Maryland Queen Anne and Chippendale Furniture of the Eighteenth Century, the Baltimore Museum of Art, Elder et al

Furniture in Maryland, 1740-1940, Weidman, Gregory


a Maryland side chair with both through-tenoned side rails and extended central trifid feet toes

A Philadelphia version of very similar form with all the bells and whistles (PMA and Pook & Pook Auctions)