Naylor Antiques

Early American Furnishings

Chippendale Mahogany Side Table; Maryland or Virginia, c.1780


a rare American Chippendale mahogany side, writing, or chamber table; probably Baltimore or Annapolis, c.1780; its’ adherence to simpler English George III designs, including a deeper top overhang, wider top drawer rail, the use of urban-procured imported mahogany (versus the more typical rural use of local walnut or cherry), as well as tulip poplar, yellow pine, and white pine secondary woods, and the absence of conventional Philadelphia style leg, apron, and top edge moldings, all suggest a Mid-Atlantic urban origin; while essentially a small card table in size and proportion, minus a fly-leaf and swing-leg, the table is finished on all four sides, indicative of its’ intended portability and use away from the wall; a similar walnut version of this form, “produced throughout the South”, can be seen in the on-line collection of Colonial Williamsburg (see image below); a Maryland attributed Pembroke table with similar applied Marlborough feet can be seen in Weidman’s Furniture in Maryland, 1740 -1940, No. 28 (p.65); two related examples of England’s strong influence on Annapolis styles can be seen in No. 1 (p.51) of the Baltimore Museum of Art’s John Shaw, Cabinetmaker of Annapolis and No. 30 (p. 47) in the BMA’s Maryland Queen Anne and Chippendale Furniture of the Eighteenth Century; the drawer is composed of a solid mahogany front, tulip poplar sides and back, and a single yellow pine bottom board; the drawers guides and runners are yellow pine; dimensions: 28 1/2″ height x 33 7/8″ width x 17″ depth

condition: the juncture of the back right leg, adjoining rails, and the corresponding corner of the top has been repaired, probably damaged sometime in the late 18th or earlier 19th Century; a “period” hand-made screw used in the reinforcement of the back apron appears to be original to the repair; at the same time a small patch was inserted into the corner of the top (see images below)

sometime in the later 20th Century, likely the ’70s or ’80s, and certainly before the application of a Baltimore moving company’s 20th Century inventory decal, the table underwent a campaign of restoration including the overall tightening of the frame, the inversion of the original drawer runners to compensate for wear (most of the original hand wrought “rose head” nails remain), the re-setting of the top board using new, slightly off-center screw holes, and the application of a modern synthetic finish

in 2016 the polyurethane was removed and a natural shellac and wax finish applied, the one-board top was properly centered and re-secured with screws utilizing the original top holes, previously amended with putty for improved screw purchase; there is some patching to the drawer lips and a 1/2″ square patch to one of the foot facings (all others are original); the pull is an appropriate period replacement


Brunk 6-29-11_edited-1

a similar George III example

Writing Table

Colonial Williamsburg Writing Table ca. 1775 Origin: America, Virginia, eastern OH. 27 3/4; OW. 31 3/8; OD. 21 Black walnut and tulip poplar. Museum Purchase Acc. No. 1986-132


a Philadelphia example, albeit a card table, with all the bells and whistles

top and front rail plane marks-1

jack plane marks used in dressing both the top board and rail stock


jack plane marks on the underside of the top board; a scraper was probably used to further smooth or “clean off” the surface where it met the jointer planed edges of the rails for a level fit

top corner patch copy

top corner patch

repaired leg:apron blow-out

damaged back right corner

period screw repair

screw reinforced apron damage


early burn scarring to top at edge molding


underside with drawer in place


a shipping label to Middleburg, Virginia affixed to back rail